Coronavirus

Coronavirus has been spreading rapidly across the world, affecting 175 countries and claiming more than 21,000 lives.

There are more than 470,000 confirmed cases worldwide. Southern Europe is now at the epicentre of the crisis and the US is also facing a surge in cases.

This series of maps and charts will help you understand what is going on.

1. The global pandemic continues to grow

The virus is spreading rapidly in many countries, with nearly 400,000 confirmed cases outside China, according to the latest figures from Johns Hopkins University.

The true figure for the number of people with coronavirus is thought to be much higher as many of those with milder symptoms have not been tested and counted.

Coronavirus global cases, 26 March 2020

This information is regularly updated but may not reflect the latest totals for each country.

  Cases Deaths
China 81,667 3,285
Italy 74,386 7,503
USA 68,795 1,037
Spain 49,515 3,647
Germany 37,323 206
Iran 27,017 2,077
France 25,233 1,331
Switzerland 10,897 153
UK 9,529 465
South Korea 9,137 126
Netherlands 6,412 356
Austria 5,588 30
Belgium 4,937 178
Canada 3,387 35
Norway 3,084 14
Portugal 2,995 43
Brazil 2,554 59
Sweden 2,526 62
Turkey 2,433 59
Israel 2,369 5
Australia 2,364 8
Malaysia 1,796 20
Denmark 1,724 34
Czech Republic 1,654 6
Ireland 1,564 9
Luxembourg 1,333 8
Japan 1,307 45
Ecuador 1,211 29
Chile 1,142 3
Pakistan 1,063 8
Poland 1,051 14
Thailand 934 4
Romania 906 17
Saudi Arabia 900 2
Finland 880 3
Greece 821 22
Indonesia 790 58
Iceland 737 2
Diamond Princess cruise ship 712 10
South Africa 709  
Russia 658 3
India 657 12
Philippines 636 38
Singapore 631 2
Panama 558 8
Qatar 537  
Slovenia 528 5
Argentina 502 8
Peru 480 9
Colombia 470 4
Egypt 456 21
Croatia 442 1
Bahrain 419 4
Mexico 405 5
Estonia 404 1
Dominican Republic 392 10
Serbia 384 4
Iraq 346 29
United Arab Emirates 333 2
Lebanon 333 6
Algeria 302 21
New Zealand 283  
Lithuania 274 4
Armenia 265  
Bulgaria 242 3
Taiwan 235 2
Hungary 226 10
Morocco 225 6
Latvia 221  
Uruguay 217  
Slovakia 216  
San Marino 208 21
Costa Rica 201 2
Kuwait 195  
Andorra 188 1
North Macedonia 177 3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 176 3
Tunisia 173 5
Jordan 172  
Moldova 149 1
Vietnam 148  
Albania 146 5
Burkina Faso 146 4
Ukraine 145 5
Cyprus 132 3
Faroe Islands 132  
Malta 129  
Réunion 111  
Brunei 109  
Venezuela 106  
Sri Lanka 102  
Senegal 99  
Oman 99  
Cambodia 96  
Azerbaijan 93 2
Belarus 86  
Afghanistan 84 2
Kazakhstan 81  
Ivory Coast 80  
Georgia 75  
Cameroon 75 1
Guadeloupe 73 1
West Bank 71 1
Ghana 68 4
Martinique 66 1
Trinidad and Tobago 60 1
Uzbekistan 60  
Cuba 57 1
Montenegro 53 1
Honduras 52  
Nigeria 51 1
Puerto Rico 51 2
Liechtenstein 51  
Mauritius 48 2
DR Congo 48 2
Kyrgyzstan 44  
Rwanda 41  
Bangladesh 39 5
Bolivia 38  
Guam 37 1
Paraguay 37 3
Mayotte 36  
Monaco 31  
Guernsey 30  
French Guiana 28  
Kenya 28  
Gibraltar 26  
Jamaica 26 1
French Polynesia 25  
Guatemala 24 1
Togo 23  
Isle of Man 23  
Madagascar 19  
Aruba 19  
Barbados 18  
Jersey 16  
Uganda 14  
New Caledonia 14  
Tanzania 13  
Maldives 13  
El Salvador 13  
Ethiopia 12  
Zambia 12  
Saint Martin 11  
Djibouti 11  
Dominica 11  
Mongolia 10  
Equatorial Guinea 9  
Cayman Islands 8 1
Suriname 8  
Haiti 8  
Niger 7 1
Bermuda 7  
Seychelles 7  
Namibia 7  
Greenland 6  
Benin 6  
Gabon 6 1
Curaçao 6 1
Bahamas 5  
Fiji 5  
Syria 5  
Guyana 5 1
Mozambique 5  
Congo 4  
Cape Verde 4 1
Guinea 4  
Vatican 4  
Eswatini 4  
Eritrea 4  
Sudan 3 1
Central African Republic 3  
Chad 3  
Laos 3  
Zimbabwe 3 1
Gambia 3 1
Sint Maarten 3  
Angola 3  
Antigua and Barbuda 3  
Liberia 3  
Nepal 3  
Saint Barthelemy 3  
Saint Lucia 3  
Saint Kitts and Nevis 2  
Belize 2  
Mauritania 2  
Guinea-Bissau 2  
Mali 2  
Bhutan 2  
Nicaragua 2  
Libya 1  
Timor-Leste 1  
Grenada 1  
Papua New Guinea 1  
St Vincent and the Grenadines 1  
Somalia 1  
Montserrat 1  
United States Virgin Islands    
Show more

Source: Johns Hopkins University, national public health agencies

Last updated on 26 March 2020, 03:00 GMT.

Italy has the highest death toll of any single country in the world with more than 7,503 deaths, many in the worst-hit region of Lombardy.

The US, Spain, Germany and Iran also have a large number of confirmed cases.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has said that the US could become the next epicentre of the pandemic, given the "very large acceleration in cases".

New York is at the centre of the outbreak in the US, with more than half of the country's almost 60,000 cases.

Governor Andrew Cuomo warned the illness was spreading faster than "a bullet train" in his state.

Map showing US cases by state - with New York's 33,000 making up more than half the total for the country

Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez has described his country as being "at war" with the death toll now at more than 3,600.

In India, a 21-day lockdown is beginning across the country.

China, on the other hand, says it has now all but stopped the spread of the disease, and that all new recorded cases are imported infections from other countries.

Chart showing where the most new cases are appearingPresentational white space

The coronavirus outbreak was declared a global pandemic by the WHO on 11 March. This is when an infectious disease is passing easily from person to person in many parts of the world at the same time.

The WHO said it took more than three months to reach the first 100,000 confirmed cases worldwide, but only 12 days to reach the next 100,000 and only four days to reach 300,000.

More than 80,000 people in China were diagnosed with the infection after its emergence in the city of Wuhan, Hubei province, in December.

But after the recent turnaround, more than three months later, it is planning to partially lift the lockdown in Wuhan on 8 April.

Other countries around the world are ramping up measures to try to slow the virus down. Governments have halted flights, locked down towns and cities and urged people to stay at home.

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2. Millions living under restrictions on their movement

India is one of the latest countries to enforce a lockdown, meaning its 1.3 billion residents are now forbidden from leaving their homes for a few weeks at least.

That means more than a quarter of the 7.8 billion people in the world are now living under some form of restrictions on their movement and social contact due to the coronavirus.

People in major cities like London, Barcelona and New York are now moving around far less than they were a few weeks ago, according to data from the travel app Citymapper.

Chart showing how people in cities with restrictions have curbed their travel plansPresentational white space

The data also shows that while Milan in northern Italy has been locked down for several weeks now, many other cities have only been restricting movement in recent days.

While movement is also down in the South Korean capital Seoul, the city hasn't ground to a halt like European capitals despite facing huge numbers of coronavirus cases - a sign of the country's decision to focus on widespread testing and contact tracing rather than social distancing.

3. The virus has killed more people in Italy than China

Italy currently has the most confirmed cases outside China, where the virus originated.

It has around 7,000 fewer confirmed cases than China, but its death toll of 7,503 is more than double the official toll in China.

On Wednesday, a further 650 deaths were reported.

Bar chart showing death toll in Italy

The majority of Italy's deaths have occurred in the northern Lombardy region, which contains the city of Milan. Hospitals there are reportedly at breaking point and retired doctors and nurses have been asked to return to work.

Italian authorities have imposed stringent restrictions, closing nearly all shops, bars, hairdressers, restaurants and cafes.

The lockdown, imposed on 12 March, has now been extended beyond the original 25 March end date.

Short presentational grey line

4. Numbers across Europe are rising

Other European countries have seen steep rises in infections and deaths, and the region has become the new epicentre of the crisis.

As well as Italy, Spain, France, Germany and the UK now have thousands of confirmed cases each. The toll in Spain, at more than 3,600, also surpasses the number to have died in China.

Map showing cases in Europe. Italy and Spain have the highest numbersPresentational white space

Germany's Chancellor Angela Merkel has warned that up to 70% of its population - some 58 million people - could contract coronavirus. However, some German virologists dispute the high figure, suggesting a worst-case scenario of 40,000 cases.

In the UK, confirmed cases stand at more than 9,500 and at least 463 people have died.

Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced a further clampdown in the UK on 23 March, urging people to stay at home to avoid unnecessary transmission of the disease.

He said the tightening of restrictions would last for an initial period of three weeks.

Chart showing how the number of UK deaths has risen in recent weeks

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